Winter backpacking can be an incredible experience, with the snow-covered trails and frosty forests providing a unique perspective on the natural world.
However, winter backpacking requires careful planning and preparation. Packing the right gear is crucial to staying warm, dry, and safe in the cold and snow.
In this blog, we’ll go over the top 11 winter backpacking essentials to ensure your next winter trip is a success.
- Winter-Ready Backpack
- Insulated Sleeping Pad
- Warm Sleeping Bag
- Tent or Shelter
- Waterproof & Insulated Clothing
- Firestarter & Knife
- Stove & Fuel
- Food & Water
- Navigation tools
- First Aid Kit
To begin, we can focus on the Big Four, which consists of four items: a backpack, a sleeping pad, a sleeping bag, and a tent.
To prepare for winter backpacking, the first step is to select a backpack specifically designed for cold weather.
The backpack will need a minimum capacity of 50 liters and a durable, water-resistant exterior to hold essential items such as a winter sleeping bag, warm clothing, and other necessary gear.
However, it's crucial not to choose a backpack that's too large, as excessive gear can drain your energy swiftly and put you in a hazardous situation, particularly during the winter season.
Furthermore, make sure to opt for a backpack that is crafted from PFC/PFAS-free DWR and has been approved by bluesign®.
A rain cover is crucial to protect your gear from getting wet in rainy or snowy conditions. The backpack should also have a floating top lid with lash points for additional storage options, a hipbelt with gear loops for comfortable and secure carrying, and a curved zip access on one side of the panel for easy access to your hip flask. If you plan on hiking in deep snow, look for a backpack with ski loops or snowshoe straps for attaching your snowshoes, crampons, or your ice axe.
An ideal winter backpack should have a frame that provides additional support and comfort when carrying heavy winter gear.
But not just any backpack will do, the Osprey Atmos AG LT 50 is the ultimate choice for cold weather. It is specifically designed for fast-and-light trips, where you need to keep your gear list to a minimum. If you require a larger backpack, the Atmos AG LT 65 is an excellent choice.
Both backpacks feature Osprey's Anti-Gravity suspension system, which provides excellent comfort and ventilation, as well as numerous pockets and storage options for all of your winter gear.
Insulated Sleeping Pad
Choosing a backpack for winter camping is a straightforward task, but dealing with the cold ground is a significant challenge. To ensure a warm and comfortable night's sleep, having an insulated sleeping pad is crucial gear. When searching for the ideal sleeping pad, there are several factors to consider.
Firstly, look for a pad made of durable materials like Nylon and Polyurethane. It should have an R-value of at least 4 to provide adequate insulation for winter temperatures, but for extremely cold conditions, opt for a pad with a 6+ R-value.
Comfort is also vital, so choose a pad that is at least 3 inches thick. Additionally, the valve on the pad should allow for rapid inflation and deflation, while also being intuitive and easy to use, even with gloves on in frigid weather. A Pump Sack can also come in handy, making inflating the pad much easier.
The NeoAir® XTherm™ NXT Sleeping Pad is just the one you need! With a 7.3 R-value and weighing just 15.5 oz (439 g) in the Regular size, it offers the best warmth-to-weight ratio of any sleeping pad ever created.
However, if you are on a tight budget, the Apolloair Ultralight Inflatable Camping Pad from Gear Doctors is the perfect alternative. It's a phenomenal value option that still provides adequate insulation and comfort for winter camping.
Warm Sleeping Bag
In addition to a sleeping pad, a warm sleeping bag is essential for winter camping. It's crucial to look for a bag with a temperature rating that’s appropriate for the conditions you’ll be camping in.
If the temperature isn't too cold, a four-season sleeping bag with a rating of 10 degrees Fahrenheit (-12 degrees Celsius) will do. However, if you're planning to camp in extremely cold conditions, you'll need a sleeping bag specifically for winter.
When it comes to insulation, the warmest and most compressible option is a down-filled sleeping bag. But beware, they can be expensive and lose their insulating properties if they get wet. On the other hand, synthetic sleeping bags are more affordable and will retain warmth even when wet.
For those of you seeking the ultimate winter sleeping bag, look no further than the Mountain Hardwear Lamina 0 Sleeping Bag. With a temperature rating of 0 degrees Fahrenheit (-18 degrees Celsius) and a compressed volume of just 11.6 liters, it is both compact and warm.
Despite weighing 5 lbs (2.26kg), the sleeping bag offers ample insulation for cold and wet conditions. All things considered, it is a fantastic synthetic bag for damp, cold weather.
Plus, the bag is reasonably priced, an excellent option for those with a budget of under $200.
Tent or Shelter
The final member of the Big Four is a robust and weather-resistant shelter designed for winter camping that can handle harsh winter conditions.
Winter weather can be unpredictable, so it's essential to have a tent that is specifically designed for winter use. This kind of tent typically has a sturdy frame, durable fabric, and snow skirts to keep out wind and snow.
Alternatively, you can opt for a four-season tent, which is specially designed for extreme weather conditions, with less mesh and a rainfly that extends close to the ground to prevent snow from entering. These tents can withstand 70 mph winds and heavy snowfall.
Double-wall tents are the most common type, consisting of a main body or canopy and an outer rainfly that protects the inner layer from wind and precipitation. Winter tents often use double-wall construction, but with little or no mesh netting. While heavier than single-wall tents, they breathe better, are more spacious, and offer more storage and comfort.
When choosing a winter tent, consider the conditions you'll be camping in, as more extreme weather calls for a more streamlined design. Most winter tents are either compact with steep walls or larger and rounded with lower center heights.
For pole construction, fiberglass poles should not be an option to consider because they won't suffice. Instead, opt for aluminum poles that are made specifically for low temperatures. Even though carbon composite poles can be costly, they are definitely a valuable investment.
To keep moisture out, a polyurethane coating is ideal as it is high-performance, abrasion-resistant, and waterproof. A DWR coating can also be applied to any tent material for added protection.
Lastly, opt for a tent that can accommodate one additional person, as this provides extra storage space for your gear and frees up floor space in case you're stuck inside during a storm.
The Remote™ 2 Two-Person Mountaineering Tent is the perfect choice for its double-wall, streamlined design, Easton® Syclone poles, and polyurethane and DWR coating.
Btw, you'll require additional tent pegs given the harsh elements but heavy-duty steel ones can add too much weight. Opt for titanium tent stakes, as they're sturdy yet lightweight and easy to carry.
Once the Big Four has been addressed, we can proceed to the clothing.
Waterproof and Insulated Clothing
Staying warm and dry is key to enjoying winter backpacking. Therefore, you need to invest in high-quality, waterproof, and insulated clothing that can withstand snow and cold temperatures.
To protect yourself from the elements, it's essential to have a waterproof and breathable shell jacket and pants. Additionally, warm insulated jackets and fleece layers provide much-needed insulation.
However, It's crucial to avoid wearing cotton clothing in cold or wet conditions as cotton cannot effectively wick away moisture and can increase the risk of hypothermia.
When it comes to gloves, hats, and boots for winter backpacking, you need to make sure you have warm and waterproof options. Get yourself a pair of leather gloves like the Utsjo Glove made from elk and fleece. For hats, the Thermal Merino Beanie from Smartwool will keep your head warm. As for hiking boots, options from La Sportiva or Scarpa are the way to go.
Always remember to check the weather forecast before your trip and pack accordingly. Avoid wearing too much clothing as sweating can lead to moisture buildup and make you feel colder. Always bring backup clothing in case of unexpected weather changes.
Firestarter and Knife
What comes next? Fire. Having a fire is always a necessity when camping outdoors.
However, starting a fire can be challenging, especially when the weather is not favorable. It's crucial to have fire starters that are waterproof, wind-resistant, and can work in all kinds of weather.
Never settle for anything less than a flint firestarter, which is small but effective. It's also a safe option for lighting up alcohol multi-fuel stoves without risking burning your fingers.
If you prefer using a wood-burning stove, make sure to bring a knife to prepare the burning wood and clear brush and other plant life away from your campsite.
Moreover, don't forget to have backup options, such as lighters and matches, in case your primary fire starter fails.
Stove & fuel
When it comes to camping, nothing beats a cozy campfire to gather around and cook a meal.
However, relying on traditional campfires can prove challenging in certain weather conditions. For instance, cold and windy weather, as well as high altitudes with a lack of oxygen, can make cooking on a campfire much more difficult. In such cases, having a reliable stove can be a game-changer.
One stove that fits the bill perfectly is the SilverAnt titanium multi-fuel stove. This stove comes equipped with a windscreen and a cross stand, making it an excellent choice for cooking in windy conditions. It also works with various fuels such as alcohol, petrol, and tablets, and is straightforward to set up and ignite with a flint firestarter or a match. What's more, the SilverAnt stove is both compact and lightweight, making it easy to carry on camping trips.
However, if you're camping in extremely windy conditions, an MSR XGK™ EX Stove is the way to go. This stove uses a small canister and provides a reliable and stable fire that you can regulate. With this stove, you can cook a hot meal even in the most challenging weather conditions.
For those who prefer the more traditional wood-burning fires, a collapsible firebox stove is an excellent option. A firebox is much more convenient than building a campfire directly on the ground. It doesn't produce many embers, making it easy to put out. Moreover, using a firebox makes starting the fire way easier.
In addition to being more convenient, using a stove or a firebox has an additional advantage over traditional campfires. It leaves no or fewer traces than burning items directly on the ground. This means there are no blackened rocks or cooked dirt to clean up, only a small amount of ash and charcoal that are easy to disperse once fully extinguished.
In a word, you must have a lightweight and compact multi-fuel stove or a collapsible firebox for winter camping.
Food and Water
Staying properly hydrated and nourished is essential while backpacking in the winter. Starting your day with a warm cup of coffee and oatmeal can be heavenly.
However, carrying the "big four" essentials takes up considerable space and weight, and heat is lost more quickly in the winter. To combat this, it's important to choose lightweight cooking gear with fast heat transfer and nesting design.
Titanium cookware is an excellent option as it's durable, lightweight, and boasts good thermal conductivity. It works particularly well with dehydrated food. Simply boil water in a titanium pot or titanium cup, add the dehydrated food, and stir to enjoy a hearty meal.
Furthermore, it is important to bring an ample supply of calorie-dense snacks like chocolate bars, nuts, seeds, and dried fruit to ensure you have sufficient energy to sustain your winter expedition.
Drinking sufficient water to remain hydrated is also crucial. You need a minimum of 67.6 fl oz (2L) per day to keep your body functioning properly.
Carrying a water filter is essential as it can purify water when clean drinking sources are not available.
When it snows, melting ice or snow to obtain water is necessary. Boil the water until it reaches a rolling boil, let it boil for an additional five minutes, and use tablets to remove any potential pathogens and contaminants.
Once the water has been boiled, pour it into a Titanium Double-Wall Insulated Thermos Flask. The insulation layer in the flask will keep your beverage warm for a longer period of time.
However, if you prefer not to bring pots or cups, a titanium bottle with a single wall is a perfect alternative. You can even boil water directly inside it, and the accompanying insulated sleeve is a great bonus.
During winter, the days become shorter and the nights longer, making it necessary to have a reliable source of light for navigating through the camp and trail.
Using a headlamp instead of a flashlight is an excellent option as it frees up your hands for other tasks.
It is important to choose a headlamp with a bright and adjustable beam, as well as a night version. A lamp with a 250-500 lumen output is suitable for nighttime use, such as the STORM 500-R HEADLAMP from Black Diamond with a maximum output of 500 lumens.
If you live in an area where whiteout snowstorms frequently occur during winter, it is vital to select a stronger lamp like the DUO RL from Petzl, which has a 2800 lumens output.
Additionally, it is crucial to choose a headlamp that is waterproof with an IP67 rating, meaning it can withstand being submerged in up to 1 meter of fresh water for 30 minutes.
If you choose a rechargeable headlamp, opt for a battery with a high capacity and more charging cycles. For example, a 3200 mAh Lithium-Ion battery can provide a minimum light level for up to 72 hours and can be charged up to 300 times.
However, keep in mind that battery efficiency can be reduced in cold conditions, so you need to bring extra batteries or a rechargeable power source.
Navigating the trail during winter conditions can be difficult and even dangerous. Therefore, it's crucial to take necessary precautions and carry appropriate gear to ensure safe and successful backpacking.
One of the most important devices to have is a GPS device, which can provide you with accurate location data and help you find your way back if you get lost. It's important to make sure that your GPS device is fully charged and that you have a backup power source or spare batteries with you.
However, it's also essential to note that electronic devices can malfunction or lose battery power unexpectedly. That's why it's always a good idea to have a paper map as a backup. A paper map can provide a high-level view of the area and help you orient yourself if you get lost. Make sure to choose a map that covers your hiking area and learn how to read it before setting out.
When it comes to compasses, the SILVA RANGER GLOBAL US COMPASS is an excellent choice for hikers and outdoor enthusiasts. This compass is equipped with a global needle that works in all three magnetic zones, ensuring its dependability regardless of your hiking location. Additionally, it features luminous markings that can be activated by either daylight or a headlamp, which makes it an excellent valuable tool for navigating during nighttime.
Before heading out on your hike, it's essential to make sure that you know how to use your navigation tools. Take some time to familiarize yourself with your GPS device, paper map, and compass, and practice using them in a safe, controlled environment.
Additionally, bring a watch or other timekeeping device to help you stay on schedule and ensure you have enough time to complete your hike.
First Aid Kit
Accidents can happen in any season, but they’re especially dangerous in the winter. Make sure you bring a comprehensive first aid kit with you on your winter backpacking trip.
The kit should include items like bandages, gauze, antiseptic, pain relievers, and any necessary prescription medication. If you’re traveling in a group, consider dividing up the first aid kit among group members to save weight.
Furthermore, you should also bring along a whistle and some sort of signaling device such as a flare in case of an emergency.
Overall, being prepared with the right tools can make a significant difference in having a successful winter camping trip.
Check out the gear sheet to ensure you have everything you need.
Winter backpacking can be an exciting and invigorating experience, but it can also be dangerous. That’s why it’s crucial to have the right winter backpacking gear. Being properly prepared for any winter excursion is essential for any outdoor enthusiast.
By having the right backpack, sleeping pad & bag, tent, clothing, firestarter & knife, stove & fuel, food & water, headlamp, navigation tools, and first aid kit, hikers will be able to enjoy their winter adventure and stay safe in the cold.
To your next adventure!